4 Days in Danum Valley: Ancient Rainforest and Spectacular Wildlife

I have been dreaming about visiting Danum Valley for many years, ever since I heard stories about this ancient wilderness while living in Thailand. A field station surrounded by a 130 million-year-old rainforest, where Clouded leopards and Marbled cats are occasionally seen – what more could you possibly ask for?  

So when a chance presented itself to visit the valley with a group of fellow wildlife watchers led by the legendary wildlife guide Mike Gordon from Adventure Alternative Borneo, I didn’t hesitate.

We all met at Kota Kinabalu Airport (the closest airport to Danum Valley), and just as we were loading our luggage in the truck, it started to rain. The forecast promised two weeks of solid rain ahead. This was going to be interesting.

Arriving at Danum Valley

I didn’t notice much of the surrounding landscape as we drove towards the valley. My mind was a little hazy after the 3 flights over 20 hours that took me to get here. But once we drove through the first gate and entered the protected area, things became a lot more interesting.

We started seeing animals almost straight away: first a Barking deer, then a small group of Borneo Pygmy Elephants, a Bearded pig, and a few Long-tailed macaques. We were off to a promising start.

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Segama River and the Ancient rainforest of Danum Valley
Segama River and the ancient rainforest of Danum Valley

Danum Valley Field Centre (DVFC)

The Danum Valley Field Centre (DVFC) is perched in a dreamy spot next to the Segama River amidst a lush rainforest shrouded in mist. This 130-million-year-old rainforest is one of the most pristine environments on Earth.

There is no record of human habitation in the Valley prior to its protection.  It is thought that the area was too remote and inaccessible, and the soils were too poor to attract early human settlers.  While it appears that humans did visit the area and even died and were buried here over 300 years ago, these were most likely brief visits or short-term migrations.

Danum Valley Field Center in Borneo
Danum Valley Field Center

The accommodation at the field centre is quite basic but far from uncomfortable.  The restaurant backs out onto the forest and offers a good spot for watching birds and butterflies. There are several trails that lead into the jungle from the field centre and two suspension bridges over the river that sometimes offer very close encounters with wildlife.

First Night Drive and the First Leopard Cat

We arrived at DVFC almost in time for dinner and shortly afterwards headed out for a night drive that followed the 10km road from the field centre to the first gate.

In the first 30 minutes, we spotted our first Red giant flying squirrel, Thomas’ giant flying squirrel, and Three-striped palm civet.

And then we almost missed the first cat of our trip – the dainty little Leopard cat. It was sitting on a log jutting from the bush toward the road. I saw it just as we drove past it. By the time our driver reversed the car, the cat was already disappearing into the thicket.

Brief as the sighting was, it was quite a big deal for me. While leopard cats are common in some places in Asia, I managed not to have seen one before. So this sighting represented the 12th wild cat species that I have seen in its natural habitat. Now I just needed to see one for a long enough time to photograph it.

After this excitement, the rest of the night was relatively quiet. In the next hour and a half, all we had to show for our efforts was a Lesser mouse deer, a distant Philippine slow loris, and a Large flying fox.

Mouse deer at Danum Valley
Mouse deer

One of my favourite things to see in the forest at night is sleeping birds. It feels like spying on nature, like witnessing something we are not meant to see. We saw some stunners that night: a Black-crowned pita and an Asian paradise flycatcher, as well as an unidentified ‘headless’ babbler.

The next day started with more rain. It basically rained for most of the day with about an hour for each ‘on’ and ‘off’ period. But since it was quite hot and the jungle was very humid even when it didn’t rain, the rain itself didn’t make all that much difference. So we went on an early morning walk to the researchers’ quarters, hoping to see some Maroon langurs, but they didn’t show.

Walking Trails in the Ancient Jungle

suspension bridge over segama river
Suspension bridge over Segama River

After breakfast, we headed on a trail walk on the other side of the Segama River. The air was very humid, the trails were super muddy and slippery, and the leeches were out in force. It was such a characteristic rainforest experience that it was fun.  At one point, a giant tree had fallen down on the trail, completely blocking it. By the time we walked around it and climbed over it, we had more leeches on us than I had ever seen at any one time.

Apart from leeches, we had a couple of mammal sightings on the walk: a Low’s squirrel and a Prevost’s squirrel and that was pretty much it.

Meeting Maroon Langurs

Maroon langur in Danum Valley
Maroon langur

In mid-morning, a troop of Maroon langurs decided to visit the Field Centre and inspired an impromptu photoshoot. These adorable primates, also known as Red Leaf monkeys, are usually quite shy, and the best views you get of them are all the way up in the canopy.

Young maroon langur at Danum Valley filed center

This group, however, was very nonchalant. Some of them stayed in the bushes on the riverbank, feeding on giant bean pods, while others ran quite conspicuously across the lawns.

Maroon langur in Danum Valley

I didn’t expect to see Maroon langurs so close, so I happily lost myself to watching and photographing them for a good half an hour. They seemed to have accepted me as part of their environment and the bolder males walked on the grass no more than two meters away from me.

Second Night Drive and Malayan Porcupines

The rain continued in the ‘on-again, off-again’ pattern throughout the day and into the night drive. Things were pretty quiet again, but interestingly, the animals we did see were different and less common than the ones we spotted the night before. On the road between the field centre and the gate, we saw a Black flying squirrel, a Common Palm civet and a Malay civet.

When we got to the gate, we decided to venture out for 15 min before the rangers locked it at 9 pm. That was a good call as we spotted a Colugo and a pair of Malayan porcupines lumbering across the road.

Watching Sunrise over Danum Valley

Cloudy sunrise at Danum Valley, Borneo
Misty ambiance

Our third day in Danum Valley started uncomfortably early. The reason we were ready to go by 6 am was to go to the sunrise tower to watch the sunrise over the valley. Of course, it had been raining so much that instead of sunrise views, we got what Mike called a ‘Misty ambience’. It was still a dramatic sight, with thick layers of mist hanging over the valley.

On the pre-dawn drive, we spotted half of the civet family of Danum Valley: Common civet, Three-striped civet, Malay civet and the handsome Banded civet. The drive back, on the other hand, was quiet, as expected. Most nocturnal critters had already retreated to their shelters for the day.

Gibbons and Trogons

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - scarlet-rumped trogon
Female Scarlet-rumped trogon

At breakfast, we heard Borneo Gibbons calling not far from the restaurant and went to investigate. We walked to the best spot to view the tree they were in, but the view was obstructed, and the animals were quite far away. Meanwhile, Mike waded across the river and managed to get a few decent shots of them. The rest of us had to make do with looking at his pictures later at the restaurant.

While I was trying to find a better view of the gibbons, I spotted a female Scarlet-rumped trogon perched on the railing of the suspension bridge.

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - flowerpecker

The restaurant at the Field Center is a great spot to sit and wait for wildlife to come to you. Birds come looking for nectar and insects in the surrounding trees; butterflies float in and out and occasionally, Borneo Orangutans come for a visit.

Walking in a Tropical Downpour

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - Whiskered treeswift on the suspension bridge
Whiskered treeswift on the railing of the suspension bridge

Later we went for a walk to the campsite to look for pitas. Not surprisingly, we didn’t find any. On the way back, a strange noise started to grow in the jungle. At first, I thought it was the sound of the river. But then I realized that it was the sound of approaching rain. It sounded like an approaching freight train.

Like the sound of inevitability, it grew louder as it approached closer. And eventually, it reached us. Thankfully, we were almost at the field centre by then, so I managed to drop off my camera gear and then went out into the rain and let it soak me completely. It was such a relief after hours of steadily increasing heat and humidity.

Once the rain finished, I went to the long suspension bridge and spent some time photographing the adorable Whiskered treeswifts. They like to land on the railing of the bridge as they spend their afternoon hunting insects above the river.

Walking the Jungle Trails at Night

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - Sleeping lizard

In the evening, went on a walk up the same trail we took on our first morning. Walking a muddy trail at night was a fun exercise. We saw a couple of green lizards sleeping on wet leaves, an impressively large gecko, a Mouse deer and then an adorable and very uncommon Pen-tailed tree shrew. We all had good views of the animal, but none of us managed to photograph it.

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - green lizard
Sleeping lizards

But we compensated for the lack of photo opportunities with the shrew by finding and photographing sleeping lizards. There were quite a few of them clinging to wet vegetation.

Third Night Drive and a Brush with Poachers

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - brown wood owl
Brown wood owl

We continued our search on the night drive, but as it sometimes happens, the forest was exceptionally quiet tonight. In the two hours we spent on the road, we only managed to spot a single Wood owl. Not willing to give up, we ventured outside the gate along the access road to look for the elephants.

Suddenly, the stillness of the night was broken by the revving of an engine and the glare of bright headlights approaching us from around the bend. Concerned, we waited to see who it was. Only rangers are allowed to drive on this road, and all the Rangers were back at the field centre.

Minutes later, we were blinded by the powerful spotlights mounted on the roof of a mud-encrusted 4WD truck flying past us without slowing down. There were no number plates on the truck. “Poachers!” Mike cursed in outrage and disgust. Immediately, we turned around and chased after them back towards the field centre gate.

Our chase was short-lived, however. A few minutes later the poachers’ truck speeded up past us in the opposite direction. They realized they had nowhere to go now that they had been seen and decided to make a run for it.

Mike tried to call the Rangers’ Head Office on the phone, but no one was there to answer his call in the middle of the night. There was a general sense of bracing for the storm among the rangers. The poachers were inside the protected area; someone at the park’s gate had let them in, and the foreigners had busted them. Nobody wanted to get involved for fear of becoming collateral damage.

Morning Walk Along the Segama River

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - flying lizard
Flying lizard

The following morning, we went for a walk along the road to see what we would see.  And what we saw was a variety of brightly-coloured birds in the same patch of forest. There was a blue Black-crowned monarch, a green Lesser green leaf bird, and a vibrantly red Scarlet minivet, as well as some babblers that were largely lost on me. While photographing birds, we spotted a Crested green lizard and, a little later, a flying lizard.

There are so many flying creatures in Borneo that do not usually fly: squirrels, lemurs, a.k.a. colugos, lizards, and even frogs! While none of them actually fly, they do glide rather well. The scientific jury is still out on the reasons for Borneo’s diversity of gliding animals. The scientific jury is still out on the reasons for the unusual diversity of gliding animals in Borneo.

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - mushrooms in elephant dung
The circle of life -mushrooms growing in elephant dung

On the way back, we came across a troop of Maroon langurs up in the canopy near the road. As we hoped, they decided to get across by leaping over the road. The only downside was the glary, washed-out sky behind them, which was hardly conducive to photography.

On the Trail of the Pygmy Elephants

For our last night drive in Danum, we decided to do something a little different. We drove quite uneventfully to the spot where the side road shot off towards the sunrise tower and decided to go for a walk to the tower, hoping to spot a leopard. The last time Mike saw a Clouded leopard at Danum was right at that junction.

We left our driver with instructions to pick us up in an hour and a half and set off up the rocky road. About 10 minutes later, we were startled by a car approaching from the direction of the main road. What was it with the cars popping out of the darkness, messing up our plans second day in a row?

This time, it was Jonas, our driver. He was told by the rangers in a passing car that there were elephants just outside the gate. He was virtually beaming with excitement. I would’ve still preferred to keep walking, but the majority of the group wanted to see the elephants since we only saw them once before – retreating into the forest on our way into the valley.

Reasoning that the leopard was a very big ‘maybe’ while the elephants were almost certainly there, we abandoned the walk, jumped back in the car and headed towards the gate.

As usual, we were working against time. Today, it was more delicate than ever, considering that Mike had just caused the Rangers a world of trouble for not closing the gate the night before, which almost allowed the poachers to drive in. It would be a really bad idea to get locked out tonight.

Jonas drove fast. We passed through the gate with no more than 20 minutes left until lockdown. We kept driving through the night, but there was no sign of the elephants. Either they were much further out than the rangers said, or they have moved fast during the time it took us to get here. Finally, large grey shapes appeared on the road.

Borneo Pygmy elephants are not the same as their full-sized cousins. They do not like being approached, not by vehicles, at any rate. At the sight of us, the group of about four elephants hastily moved into the forest, trumpeting as they went along. A little disappointed, we drove on and immediately came across another group. A few meters further, the third group was moving into the forest, and yet another group was just visible ahead.

Borneo wildlife - Borneo pygmy elephant
Borneo Pygmy elephant

It would have been good to stay and see if they returned to the road, but we were far from the gate and had virtually no time left to make it back before closure. Plus, now we were surrounded by four groups of grumpy elephants. Pygmy or not, they were still large animals, and we had to go back past all of them. It was a few minutes to 9, and it would take at least 10 minutes to drive back.

We decided to turn around and raced back. As we pulled in, the Rangers were already closing the gate. Feeling quite guilty, we drove through and stopped for a polite chat.

The road back was very quiet. The only interesting encounter we had was with a curious Malay civet. Initially, it ran across the road and disappeared into the grass. But we stopped, and Mike called it out (he makes this unusual sound that many animals find irresistible and come out to investigate).

Wildlife watching in Danum Vally - Malay civet face
Malay civet

The civet couldn’t resist his curiosity and carefully poked his cute little face out to see what was making the sound. For a change, I was able to take some close-up images of its face through the grass.

How to get to Danum Valley

Danum Valley is located in Borneo’s Malaysian State of Sabah. The closes airport is Lahad Datu. From the airport, you would either be transferred to the valley as part of your organized tour, or you could try catching a shuttle from the Danum Valley Field Centre office (see below for details)

How to visit Danum Valley

On a tour

The best and easiest way to visit Danum Valley is on an organized tour. We visited as part of a two-week adventure with Adventure Alternative Borneo, which also included the Kinabatangan River and Deramakot Forest Reserve. But you could book the Danum Valley on its own. Another local company that offers a variety of trips to Danum Valley is Sticky Rice Travel.

Visiting Danum Valley Independently

Danum Valley has two accommodation options: the luxurious Borneo Rainforest Lodge and the more rustic Danum Valley Field Center. If you feel like a splurge and book your stay with Borneo Rainforest Lodge, they will arrange all the transfers for you.

Booking the Field Center accommodation independently can be frustrating, as there are no reliable email contact details for the Field Center office in Lahad Datu. The address of the office is: Block 3, MDLD 3286, Ground Floor, Fajar Centre, Lahad Datu, Sabah Ph: + 60 89 880 441

At the time of writing, the office could be contacted via the staff’s personal e-mail addresses: Suzan Kilin [email protected] and Rosnita Razalie [email protected]. You can also book Danum Valley transfers through the office. They offer a minivan service a couple of times a week.

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10 thoughts on “4 Days in Danum Valley: Ancient Rainforest and Spectacular Wildlife”

  1. Hi there,
    Absolutely love your diary of your adventures in Borneo.
    I have been lucky enough to have visited Dam valley research centre and kingabatangan river in 2016. I was so blown away by the biodiversity that I am looking to go back next year 2023. So I was wondering if I could have information on this two week tour that you booked. I am after a pure wildlife experience. Any information you could provide would be wonderful.

  2. What an amazing area! So much flora and fauna. The langur is so cute! Reminds me a bit of areas in Central and South America. Of course, the species are completely different.

  3. Such an amazing experience, except of course getting close to the poachers. Luckily they roared off, weren’t aggressive and hopefully did not get any of the wildlife.

    • They may have been primarily after the bearded pigs. But of course, if they happened to come across a clouded leopard, they would’ve happily shot it as well.

  4. Looks like you had an amazing trip with lots of wildlife encounters. How did you go about booking your trip and making arrangements to go to Danum Valley?


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